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  • P-ISSN2765-2203
  • E-ISSN2765-2211

Escape Behavior of Medaka (Oryzias latipes) in Response to Aerial Predators of Different Sizes and with Different Attack Speeds

Proceedings of the National Institute of Ecology of the Republic of Korea, (P)2765-2203; (E)2765-2211
2022, v.3 no.1, pp.47-53
https://doi.org/10.22920/PNIE.2022.3.1.47
Sang-Hee Lee (National Institute for Mathematical Sciences)
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Abstract

The escape behavior of prey fish to predator attack is directly linked to the survival of the fish. In this study, I explored the escape behavior of Medaka fish to bird attacks. To simulate the attack, I designed a model triangular-shaped bird to slide along a fishing line connected between rods at both ends of the tank. The triangular shape was set to 10×15 (S=1), 15×20 (S=2), and 20×25 cm (S=3) with base×height. The slope (θ) of the fishing line, which determines the attack speed of the model bird, was set to values of 15° (θ=1), 30° (θ=2), and 45° (θ=3). The escape behavior was characterized using five variables: escape speed (v), escape acceleration (α), responsiveness (γ), branch length similarity entropy (ε), and alignment (φ). The experimental results showed when (S, θ)=(fixed, varied), the change in values of the five variables were not significant. Thus, the fish respond more sensitively to S than to θ In contrast, when (S, θ)=(varied, fixed), v, α, and γ showed increasing trends but ε and φ did not change much. This indicates the nature of fish escape behavior irrespective of the threat is inherent in ε and φ. I found that fish escape behavior can be divided into two types for the five physical quantities. In particular, the analysis showed that the type was mainly determined by the size of the model bird.

keywords
Bird attack Branch length similarity entropy Fish escape behavior Responsiveness
Submission Date
2021-11-10
Revised Date
2021-12-08
Accepted Date
2021-12-09

Proceedings of the National Institute of Ecology of the Republic of Korea