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  • P-ISSN2765-2203
  • E-ISSN2765-2211

Applications of Drones for Environmental Monitoring of Pollutant-Emitting Facilities

Proceedings of the National Institute of Ecology of the Republic of Korea, (P)2765-2203; (E)2765-2211
2021, v.2 no.4, pp.298-304
https://doi.org/10.22920/PNIE.2021.2.4.298
Seung Woo Son (Department of Land and Water Environment Research, Korea Environment Institute)
Jae Jin Yu (Department of Land and Water Environment Research, Korea Environment Institute)
Dong Woo Kim (Department of Land and Water Environment Research, Korea Environment Institute)
Hyun Su Park (Team of Ecosystem Service, National Institute of Ecology)
Jeong Ho Yoon (Department of Land and Water Environment Research, Korea Environment Institute)

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Abstract

This study aimed to determine the applicability of drones and air quality sensors in environmental monitoring of air pollutant emissions by developing and testing two new methods. The first method used orthoimagery for precise monitoring of pollutant-emitting facilities. The second method used atmospheric sensors for monitoring air pollutants in emissions. Results showed that ground sample distance could be established within 5 cm during the creation of orthoimagery for monitoring emissions, which allowed for detailed examination of facilities with naked eyes. For air quality monitoring, drones were flown on a fixed course and measured the air quality in point units, thus enabling mapping of air quality through spatial analysis. Sensors that could measure various substances were used during this process. Data on particulate matter were compared with data from the National Air Pollution Measurement Network to determine its future potential to leverage. However, technical development and applications for environmental monitoring of pollution-emitting facilities are still in their early stages. They could be limited by meteorological conditions and sensitivity of the sensor technology. This research is expected to provide guidelines for environmental monitoring of pollutant-emitting facilities using drones.

Submission Date
2021-06-29
Revised Date
2021-09-30
Accepted Date
2021-10-01

Proceedings of the National Institute of Ecology of the Republic of Korea