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  • P-ISSN2765-2203
  • E-ISSN2765-2211

Measuring the Effectiveness of an Ecosystem Service to Regulate Air Quality in Wetland, South Korea

Proceedings of the National Institute of Ecology of the Republic of Korea, (P)2765-2203; (E)2765-2211
2021, v.2 no.1, pp.62-69
https://doi.org/10.22920/PNIE.2021.2.1.62
Jung In Kim (National Institute of Ecology)
Kyungeun Lee (National Institute of Ecology)
Inae Yeo (National Institute of Ecology)
Tae-Young Choi (National Institute of Ecology)
Beom Hee Lee (National Institute of Ecology)
Pil Mo Jung (National Institute of Ecology)
Wooyeong Joo (National Institute of Ecology)
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Abstract

This study aimed to verify the suitability of an air quality regulating service for wetland ecosystem service evaluation by investigating the effect of reducing particulate matter (PM) on vegetation in wetlands. We installed tunnel-type experimental plots at Yonghwasil Pond in the National Institute of Ecology and set up the input and output of PM by applying the natural vegetation of the relevant wetlands. We took measurements by replicating four different conditions four times each. The air quality regulating service in each experimental plot was measured based on PM10 concentration; further, the difference between the input and the output concentration of PM passing through the Phragmites australis community tunnel was measured using a light scattering method. For the Phragmites australis community in the outdoor conditions and bare land, the PM concentration was measured with the same specifications as tunnel-type experimental plots without setting up the input and output. For the tunnel-type experimental plots, PM10 concentration was significantly lower in the output than in the input. Furthermore, in the outdoor conditions, a comparison between the Phragmites australis community and bare land showed that the concentration was relatively low in the former than in the latter. This confirmed the PM reducing effect due to the blockage and absorption of PM depending on the growth of Phragmites australis. Based on the results of this study, we assessed the air quality regulating service in wetlands as an evaluation indicator.

keywords
Air Pollution Particulate matter Wetlands
Submission Date
2020-09-11
Revised Date
2020-12-17
Accepted Date
2020-12-17

Proceedings of the National Institute of Ecology of the Republic of Korea