acknowledge receipt of submitted manuscripts within a few days of receipt and
to ensure the efficient, fair and timely review process of submitted
ensure that submitted manuscripts are handled in a confidential manner, with no
details being disclosed to anyone, with the exception of the referees, without
the permission of the author, until a decision has been taken as to whether the
manuscript is to be published.
invite reviewers, probably considering the use of an author's suggested
referees for his/her submitted article, but to ensure that the suggestions do
not lead to a positive bias (e.g. co-authors of previous publications, mentor).
The editor maintains the right to use referees of his/her own choice.
to use referees which an author has requested not to be consulted, unless the
editor reasonably considers there to be a significant overriding interest in so
ensure the confidentiality of the names and other details of referees;
adjudication and appeal referees may be informed of the names of prior
referees, if appropriate.
make the final decision concerning acceptance or rejection of a manuscript with
reasonable speed and to communicate the decision in a clear and constructive
decide to accept or reject a manuscript for publication with reference only to
the manuscript’s importance, originality and clarity, and its relevance to the
respect the intellectual independence of authors.
make known any conflicts of interest that might arise. Specifically, in cases
where an editor is an author of a submitted manuscript, the manuscript must be
passed to another editor for independent peer review.
to use for their own research, work reported in unpublished submitted articles.
respond to any suggestions of scientific misconduct, usually through
consultation with the author. This may require the publication of a formal
‘retraction' or correction.
deal fairly with an author’s appeal against the rejection of a submitted
monitor and ensure the fairness, timeliness, and thoroughness of the peer
Reviewers have the following responsibilities:
provide written, unbiased, and informative feedback in a timely manner on the
scientific value of the work, rating the work’s composition, scientific
accuracy, originality, and interest to readers.
To treat the manuscript as
confidential; not sharing, discussing with third parties, or disclosing the
information in the reviewed paper.
return/destroy/erase the manuscript and to inform the editor should they be
unqualified to review the manuscript, or lack the time to review the
manuscript, without undue delay.
judge the manuscript objectively and in a timely manner. Referees should not
make personal criticism in their reviews
To return the manuscript without review to the editor if there is a conflict of interest. Specifically, Referees should
not review manuscripts authored or co-authored by a person with whom the
referee has a close personal or professional relationship, if this relationship
could be reasonably thought to bias the review.
explain and support their judgments so that editors and authors may understand
the basis of their comments, and to provide reference to published work, where
inform the editor of any similarity between the submitted manuscript and
another either published or under consideration by another journal to the best
of their knowledge.
ensure that all unpublished data, information, interpretation and discussion in
a submitted article remain confidential and not to use reported work in
unpublished, submitted articles for their own research.
alert the editor if a manuscript contains plagiarized material or falsified
data to the best of their knowledge.